Code No. : 90
UGC NET International and Area Studies November Syllabus December 2019-June 2020
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UGC NET International Area Studies Paper II & III ( A ) ( Core Group ) :
Unit – I :
- Nature of International Politics.
- Theories and approaches to the study of International Politics ( including the area studies approach ).
- Nationalism, Nation-State and challenges to Nation – States.
Unit – II :
- Contemporary World Order : End of Cold War, United States as a pre-eminent power and multipolarity ( European Union, China and Japan ).
- Globalisation and its implications.
- Environment and Ecological Problems.
- Human Rights
Unit – III :
- International Economic Issues : Trade regime ( WTO ) and economic groupings, Role of International Financial Institutions.
- Role of Multi – national Corporations.
Unit – IV :
- Trans-national Threats and Security : International Terrorism, Drug – trafficking, Proliferation of small arms.
- Weapons of mass – destruction – nuclear, biological, chemical and weather weapons and arms control and disarmament.
Unit – V :
Indian Foreign Policy :
- Basic Objectives and Principles.
- India and its neighbours.
- India and major powers.
- Major issues of Indian Foreign Policy.
Unit – VI :
United Nations :
- Collective security, peace – keeping and peace-making.
- Role of International Law.
- UN agencies and other International Organizations.
- Restructuring of the United Nations.
Unit – VII :
South Asia in World Affairs South – East Asia in World Affairs.
Unit – VIII :
Russia and the CIS ( Commonwealth of Independent States ) in World Affairs.
Unit – IX :
West Asia in World Affairs Africa in World Affairs.
Unit – X :
America and Europe in World Affairs Latin America in World Affairs.
Paper – III ( B ) ( Elective / Optional ) :
Elective – I :
- Theories of International Politics : Realist, Idealist, Systems and Decision making.
- Role of Power in International Politics : Balance of Power, Bipolarity, Unipolarity and Multipolarity.
- The concept of Nation, National Interest and National Security Collective Security; The role of the United Nations.
- Post – Cold War and the emerging World Order.
- Politics of Liberalisation, Globalisation and World Trade Organization. Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and World Peace.
Elective – II :
- Concept, components and models of National and International security.
- Challenges and threats to India’s security since Independence – external and internal dimensions.
- Defence mechanism of Nation-States : India, US and the Peoples Republic of China.
- India’s Security policies and Nuclear doctrine.
- Problems of Armament and Disarmament – Economic, Political and Scientific dimensions.
- Concept and theories of conflict and conflict resolution including Confidence Building Measures ( CBMs ).
- Evolution of strategic thoughts – Kautilya, Clausewitz, A. T. Mahan, Mackinder and Douhet.
- New modes of warfare – Low Intensity conflict, Electronic and Cyber warfare.
Elective – III :
- Historical Background-Empires
- Geo-political set-up
- Interaction with the West
- National Awakening
- Disintegration of Ottoman Empire
- Palestine problem
- Inter – war Developments
- Pan – Arabism
- Pan – Islamism
- Pan – Turanism
West Asia and the World :
- Major powers’ interests in West Asia
- Cold War
- Oil Dynamics
- West Asia and India
General Themes :
- Regional Organizations
- Intra – Arab relations / rivalries
- Post – Cold War Scenario – Continuity and Change
- Social transformation
- Islamic Resurgence
- State Systems
Elective – IV :
Basic Features of the Region :
Land and People – Geo – political and Socio – economic Setting.
Colonialism and Nationalism :
Patterns, Major Feature’s and Impact of Western Colonialism-Independence Movements-Maintenance of Independence by Thailand throughout its History.
Developments in Post-Independent Period :
- Problems of Communalism and Nation-Building – Communist Challenges.
- Role of Military – Challenges to Democracy – Secessionist Movements – Economic Transformation – mtra – Regional Conflicts and Cooperation.
Foreign Policies of South East Asian Countries :
Determinants, Objectives and Goals-Role of External Powers – USA, Russia, China, Japan and India.
Elective – V :
Geo – cultural Aspects :
Land, People, Ecology, Environment, Languages and Culture.
Historical Aspects :
- Ancient African Empires
- Indigenous political systems
- Atlantic slave trade – its impact and implications.
- Industrial Revolution and the elimination of slave trade.
Colonialism in Africa :
- European partition of Africa
- Asian ( Indian ) migration into Africa
- Patterns of Colonial rule in Africa
- Legacy of Colonialism
- Growth of nationalism and Liberation Movements in Africa.
Political Aspects :
- Political independence and Constitutional changes in Africa.
- Growth of political parties and party – systems.
- The role of military
- Democratisation process in Africa.
- Rise and fall of Apartheid in South Africa.
- Concepts of Pan – Africanism and African socialism.
Economic Aspects :
- Nature of African Economy.
- Underdevelopment and Dependency patterns in Africa.
- Neo – colonial penetration and problems of economic independence.
- Development strategies in post – independence period.
- Structural adjustment programs in Africa – an evaluation.
- Problem of poverty in Africa.
- Africa’s debt crisis.
- Globalisation and its impact on Africa.
- Regional economic cooperation and development ( ECOWAS, SADC, COMESA, EAC and AEC ).
Social Aspects :
- Problems of nation – building in Africa.
- Role of education
- State of Human Rights in Africa.
- Role of civil society and women.
- Problem of AIDS in Africa.
- Ethnic conflicts in Africa.
- Social change and structural transformation.
Africa and the World :
- Africa and the emerging International System
- Africa and European dominance
- Africa and the Cold War
- Post – Cold War scenario in Africa
- Africa and the New World Order
- Africa and the United Nations
- Inter-regional Cooperation
- Role of the Organization of African Unity ( OAU )
- Africa and the Non – aligned Movement ( NAM )
- The Role and Relevance of the African Union ( AU ) 2001
- Africa and the Arab World
- India – Africa Relations
Elective – VI :
Soviet Period From Lenin to Stalin :
- Civil War in Russia and its impact on polity and economy War, Communism and New Economic policy.
- Nationality Policy after the Revolution and the formation of the USSR.
- Industrialization debate and Economic Development under the Five-Year Plans.
- Soviet Foreign Policy
- Constitutional Theories and Soviet Federalism.
Soviet Union Under Khrushchev and Brezhnev :
- Twentieth Congress of the CPSU and Destalinization.
- New Approaches to Third World and the Non-aligned Movement.
- Brezhnev and Kosygin leadership in World Affairs.
- Constitution of 1977
Mikhail Gorbachev Period :
- Gorbachev’s New Political Thinking-Political and economic reforms.
- Foreign Policy under Gorbachev and end of the Cold War.
- Break-up of the USSR.
Post-Soviet Russia and CIS :
- Russia under Boris Yeltsin – Political and economic dimensions.
- Systemic transformation of Russia and the CIS.
- New Orientation in Russia’s Foreign Policy.
- Russia and the CIS
- Indo-Russian Relations
- Developments in Central Asia and the Transcaucasia.
Elective – VII :
Land and People :
- Geo – political setting
- Multi – culture social structures – diversities of race, language and religion Resource endowment – natural and human resources.
Colonialism and Nationalism :
- Patterns of Colonialism
- Major features of Colonialism
- Nature of colonial impact on South Asian societies.
- Nationalism and Nationalist movements.
- Communal and Separatist Movements – genesis of Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Society and Culture of South Asia :
- Population – General attributes and migration patterns.
- Major Social institutions and Groups.
- Dynamics of Social change.
Political Systems of South Asian States :
- Organization of Government Order and Underlying principles.
- Post-independence Era – constitutional developments and movements for democracy – Elections, Political parties and Pressure groups.
- Problems of nation-building and Issues of national integration-Communal – ism, Regionalism, Linguism, Ethnic cleavages, Ideology and Strategies of leadership.
Economic Profile and Development Strategies :
- Traditional economics – nature and bases.
- Pattern of economic development and growth strategies.
- Trade, aid and investment.
- Problems of economic development.
Foreign Policies of South Asian States :
- Determinants and objectives.
- Role of external powers.
- Intra – regional cooperation and conflict – India’s relations with its neighbours.
Regional Cooperation in South Asia :
- Historical antecedents – Political and economic imperatives.
- Genesis and growth of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ).
- Challenges and prospects of regional cooperation in South Asia.
Elective – VIII :
- Making of the Constitution – Development of the Republic and making of the nation.
- Constitutional Amendments-Structural changes, political and social movements.
- Presidency, congress and judiciary in recent times.
- US Role in UN and other international organizations.
- United States Economic and Global role in post-Cold War Era.
- Problems of minorities; Afro – American, Hispanic and Asian Americans Diasporic experience.
- Contemporary American Society and polity.
- Development of Constitutional process in Latin America – Translation from authoritarianism of democracy.
- US-Latin American relations and its implications in inter-American affairs. Cultural, economic and trade relations between Europe and Latin America. Problems of Human Rights in Latin America.
- The role of multilateral agencies in containing international and narcot terrorism; Legal mechanism to preserve peace and security in the region.
- Role of Latin America and the Caribbean in global and regional organizations
- Trade and Economic grouping in Latin America.
- India and Latin America – growing partnership.