UGC NET December 2019-June 2020 Syllabus for International and Area Studies

Code No. : 90

UGC NET International and Area Studies November Syllabus December 2019-June 2020

UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for June 2020Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for December 2019

Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3

UGC NET International Area Studies Paper II & III ( A ) ( Core Group ) :

Unit – I :

  • Nature of International Politics.
  • Theories and approaches to the study of International Politics ( including the area studies approach ).
  • Nationalism, Nation-State and challenges to Nation – States.

Unit – II :

  • Contemporary World Order : End of Cold War, United States as a pre-eminent power and multipolarity ( European Union, China and Japan ).
  • Globalisation and its implications.
  • Environment and Ecological Problems.
  • Human Rights

Unit – III :

  • International Economic Issues : Trade regime ( WTO ) and economic groupings, Role of International Financial Institutions.
  • Role of Multi – national Corporations.

Unit – IV :

  • Trans-national Threats and Security : International Terrorism, Drug – trafficking, Proliferation of small arms.
  • Weapons of mass – destruction – nuclear, biological, chemical and weather weapons and arms control and disarmament.

Unit – V :
Indian Foreign Policy :

  • Basic Objectives and Principles.
  • India and its neighbours.
  • India and major powers.
  • Major issues of Indian Foreign Policy.

Unit – VI :

United Nations :

  • Collective security, peace – keeping and peace-making.
  • Role of International Law.
  • UN agencies and other International Organizations.
  • Restructuring of the United Nations.

Unit – VII :

South Asia in World Affairs South – East Asia in World Affairs.

Unit – VIII :

Russia and the CIS ( Commonwealth of Independent States ) in World Affairs.

Unit – IX :

West Asia in World Affairs Africa in World Affairs.

Unit – X :

America and Europe in World Affairs Latin America in World Affairs.

Paper – III ( B )  ( Elective / Optional ) :

Elective – I :

  • Theories of International Politics : Realist, Idealist, Systems and Decision making.
  • Role of Power in International Politics : Balance of Power, Bipolarity, Unipolarity and Multipolarity.
  • The concept of Nation, National Interest and National Security Collective Security; The role of the United Nations.
  • Post – Cold War and the emerging World Order.
  • Politics of Liberalisation, Globalisation and World Trade Organization. Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and World Peace.

Elective – II :

  • Concept, components and models of National and International security.
  • Challenges and threats to India’s security since Independence – external and internal dimensions.
  • Defence mechanism of Nation-States : India, US and the Peoples Republic of China.
  • India’s Security policies and Nuclear doctrine.
  • Problems of Armament and Disarmament – Economic, Political and Scientific dimensions.
  • Concept and theories of conflict and conflict resolution including Confidence Building Measures ( CBMs ).
  • Evolution of strategic thoughts – Kautilya, Clausewitz, A. T. Mahan, Mackinder and Douhet.
  • New modes of warfare – Low Intensity conflict, Electronic and Cyber warfare.

Elective – III :

Introduction :

  • Historical Background-Empires
  • Geo-political set-up
  • Interaction with the West
  • National Awakening
  • Disintegration of Ottoman Empire
  • Palestine problem
  • Inter – war Developments

Ideologies :

  • Pan – Arabism
  • Pan – Islamism
  • Pan – Turanism
  • Etatism
  • Zionism
  • Nasserism
  • Secularism

West Asia and the World :

  • Major powers’ interests in West Asia
  • Cold War
  • Oil Dynamics
  • West Asia and India

General Themes :

  • Regional Organizations
  • Intra – Arab relations / rivalries
  • Post – Cold War Scenario – Continuity and Change
  • Social transformation
  • Economy
  • Islamic Resurgence
  • State Systems

Elective – IV :

Basic Features of the Region :

Land and People – Geo – political and Socio – economic Setting.

Colonialism and Nationalism :

Patterns, Major Feature’s and Impact of Western Colonialism-Independence Movements-Maintenance of Independence by Thailand throughout its History.

Developments in Post-Independent Period :

  • Problems of Communalism and Nation-Building – Communist Challenges.
  • Role of Military – Challenges to Democracy – Secessionist Movements – Economic Transformation – mtra – Regional Conflicts and Cooperation.

Foreign Policies of South East Asian Countries :

Determinants, Objectives and Goals-Role of External Powers – USA, Russia, China, Japan and India.

Elective – V :

Geo – cultural Aspects :

Land, People, Ecology, Environment, Languages and Culture.

Historical Aspects :

  • Ancient African Empires
  • Indigenous political systems
  • Atlantic slave trade – its impact and implications.
  • Industrial Revolution and the elimination of slave trade.

Colonialism in Africa :

  • European partition of Africa
  • Asian ( Indian ) migration into Africa
  • Patterns of Colonial rule in Africa
  • Legacy of Colonialism
  • Growth of nationalism and Liberation Movements in Africa.

Political Aspects :

  • Political independence and Constitutional changes in Africa.
  • Growth of political parties and party – systems.
  • The role of military
  • Democratisation process in Africa.
  • Rise and fall of Apartheid in South Africa.
  • Concepts of Pan – Africanism and African socialism.

Economic Aspects :

  • Nature of African Economy.
  • Underdevelopment and Dependency patterns in Africa.
  • Neo – colonial penetration and problems of economic independence.
  • Development strategies in post – independence period.
  • Structural adjustment programs in Africa – an evaluation.
  • Problem of poverty in Africa.
  • Africa’s debt crisis.
  • Globalisation and its impact on Africa.
  • Regional  economic  cooperation  and  development  ( ECOWAS, SADC,  COMESA, EAC and AEC ).

Social Aspects :

  • Problems of nation – building in Africa.
  • Role of education
  • State of Human Rights in Africa.
  • Role of civil society and women.
  • Problem of AIDS in Africa.
  • Ethnic conflicts in Africa.
  • Social change and structural transformation.

Africa and the World :

  • Africa and the emerging International System
  • Africa and European dominance
  • Africa and the Cold War
  • Post – Cold War scenario in Africa
  • Africa and the New World Order
  • Africa and the United Nations
  • Inter-regional Cooperation
  • Role of the Organization of African Unity ( OAU )
  • Africa and the Non – aligned Movement ( NAM )
  • The Role and Relevance of the African Union ( AU ) 2001
  • Africa and the Arab World
  • India – Africa Relations

Elective – VI :

Soviet Period From Lenin to Stalin :

  • Civil War in Russia and its impact on polity and economy War, Communism and New Economic policy.
  • Nationality Policy after the Revolution and the formation of the USSR.
  • Industrialization debate and Economic Development under the Five-Year Plans.
  • Soviet Foreign Policy
  • Constitutional Theories and Soviet Federalism.

Soviet Union Under Khrushchev and Brezhnev :

  • Twentieth Congress of the CPSU and Destalinization.
  • New Approaches to Third World and the Non-aligned Movement.
  • Brezhnev and Kosygin leadership in World Affairs.
  • Constitution of 1977

Mikhail Gorbachev Period :

  • Gorbachev’s New Political Thinking-Political and economic reforms.
  • Foreign Policy under Gorbachev and end of the Cold War.
  • Break-up of the USSR.

Post-Soviet Russia and CIS :

  • Russia under Boris Yeltsin – Political and economic dimensions.
  • Systemic transformation of Russia and the CIS.
  • New Orientation in Russia’s Foreign Policy.
  • Russia and the CIS
  • Indo-Russian Relations
  • Developments in Central Asia and the Transcaucasia.

Elective – VII :

Land and People :

  • Geo – political setting
  • Multi – culture social structures – diversities of race, language and religion Resource endowment – natural and human resources.

Colonialism and Nationalism :

  • Patterns of Colonialism
  • Major features of Colonialism
  • Nature of colonial impact on South Asian societies.
  • Nationalism and Nationalist movements.
  • Communal and Separatist Movements – genesis of Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Society and Culture of South Asia :

  • Population – General attributes and migration patterns.
  • Major Social institutions and Groups.
  • Dynamics of Social change.

Political Systems of South Asian States :

  • Organization of Government Order and Underlying principles.
  • Post-independence Era – constitutional developments and movements for democracy – Elections, Political parties and Pressure groups.
  • Problems of nation-building and Issues of national integration-Communal – ism, Regionalism, Linguism, Ethnic cleavages, Ideology and Strategies of leadership.

Economic Profile and Development Strategies :

  • Traditional economics – nature and bases.
  • Pattern of economic development and growth strategies.
  • Trade, aid and investment.
  • Problems of economic development.

Foreign Policies of South Asian States :

  • Determinants and objectives.
  • Role of external powers.
  • Intra – regional cooperation and conflict – India’s relations with its neighbours.

Regional Cooperation in South Asia :

  • Historical antecedents – Political and economic imperatives.
  • Genesis and growth of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ).
  • Challenges and prospects of regional cooperation in South Asia.

Elective – VIII :

  • Making of the Constitution – Development of the Republic and making of the nation.
  • Constitutional Amendments-Structural changes, political and social movements.
  • Presidency, congress and judiciary in recent times.
  • US Role in UN and other international organizations.
  • United States Economic and Global role in post-Cold War Era.
  • Problems of minorities; Afro – American, Hispanic and Asian Americans Diasporic experience.
  • Contemporary American Society and polity.

Elective-IX :

  • Development of Constitutional process in Latin America – Translation from authoritarianism of democracy.
  • US-Latin American relations and its implications in inter-American affairs. Cultural, economic and trade relations between Europe and Latin America. Problems of Human Rights in Latin America.
  • The role of multilateral agencies in containing international and narcot terrorism; Legal mechanism to preserve peace and security in the region.
  • Role of Latin America and the Caribbean in global and regional organizations
  • Trade and Economic grouping in Latin America.
  • India and Latin America – growing partnership.