Code No. : 50
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UGC NET December 2016 Indian Culture Syllabus
UGC NET Indian Culture Paper II :
1. Sources :
- Foreign Accounts
2. Early Human Settlements in India :
- Pre – and proto – historic cultures, Rise of India’s main language families Indo – Aryans, Dravidians and others.
- Indus Civilization – general characteristics.
- Vedic culture : Veda and Vedangas, political institutions, social and economic conditions, religious practices and ideas.
3. Age of Religious Movements and Mauryan Empire :
- Religious, social and economic conditions, political institutions, Mauryan culture, polity, economy, art and architecture, Asoka-his edicts and Dhamma.
- Sangam Age : Literature, society, economy.
4. Sunga, Satavahana and Kushan Era :
New trends in art, literature and religion, Stupa, rock – cut architecture, sculpture, economy, coinage, growth of urban centres, routes, trade and commerce, social life and thought; Literature, Dharmashastra, Natyashastra, Kamasutra, Ayurveda, Panchatantra; Religious Systems and Sects-Hindu, Buddhist and Jain.
5. Age of Guptas, Vakatakas and Pallavas :
Literature, education and sciences, religion, society, polity, economy, architecture, sculpture and painting; Cultural contacts with outside world.
6. Early Medieval Period :
Legacies of classical ideas and patterns and development of new trends in Indian society and thought; Temple styles – Nagara, Vesara and Dravida; Vedanta-Sankara, Ramanuja; Bhakti, Pauranic religion, Tantra, literature, society, polity, feudalism. Efflorescence of Indian cultural contacts; Islam in India; Alberuni on India.
7. Sultanate Period :
Indo – Islamic architecture, regional styles, religious and philosophic developments; Islamic influence on Indian society and culture; Muslim interest in Indian classics; Acharya traditions, Bhakti; Sufism in India; Literary developments-Sanskrit, Persian and regional languages; Cultural contributions of Vijayanagara empire.
8. Mughal India :
Social conditions; Akbar and his policies, Persian literature, Abul Fazl, Dara Shukoh, Growth of Vaishnava Bhakti, Sikhism; Mughal architecture and painting; Regional styles of painting; Classical Indian Music including pre – Mughal antecedents; Development of Hindi and Urdu literature; Sawai Jai Singh’s astronomical contributions. Arrival and spread of Christianity, European studies of India – William Jones and Fort William College, Asiatic Society; Influence of Christian Missionaries.
9. Impact of Western Ideas and Indian Responses :
Indian education and press; Bengal Renaissance, Reform movements in Bengal and other regions – women, education and social evils, administrative measures for social reforms ( 1828 – 1857 ). Indian Nationalism – rise, salient features and its cultural expressions with special reference to literature, art and education, Gandhian ideas. Indian culture since Independence; Tradition and modernity.
10. Indian Culture Studies :
Indian Classics Objectivity and Bias; relationship with ancillary disciplines; Modern writings on Indian culture; Heritage of India and world’s debt to Indian culture.
UGC NET Indian Culture Paper III ( A ) ( Core Group ) :
Unit – I :
Meaning and process of culture; Sources – Acrhaeology, Literature, Foreign accounts.
Unit – II :
Early human settlements in India – pre – and proto – historic cultures, Indus Civilization – Origin, extent, date, art, architecture, religion, society, economy; Vedic culture – Religion, society, polity, economy; Changes in the later Vedic period.
Unit – III :
Religious movements in the sixth and fifth centuries BC with special reference to Buddhism and Jainism; Social and economic changes; Impact of Persian and Greek invasions; Role of Mauryan empire in Indian cultural unification; Asoka – his edicts and Dhamma; Mauryan art, polity and economy; Sangam age – Society and economy.
Unit – IV :
Cultural configurations during the Sunga – Satavahana – Kushana era – New trends in art, literature and religion; Stupa and rock – cut architecture, sculpture; Dharmashastra, Natyashastra, Kamasutra, Panchatantra, Ayurveda; Religious sects and schools – Hindu, Buddhist and Jain.
Unit – V :
Developments during the Gupta – Vakataka – Pallava age – Literature, education, science, religion, society, polity, economy, architecture, sculpture, painting; Cultural contacts with outside world.
Unit – VI :
Legacies of classical ideas and patterns and development of new trends in Indian society and thought during the early medieval times; Vedanta – Sankara, Ramanjua; Bhakti, Tantra, Alavars, Nayanars; Temple styles Nagara, Vesara, Dravida; Literature, society, polity feudalism; Effloresence of Indian cultural contacts; Islam in India; Alberuni on India.
Unit – VII :
Indo-Islamic architecture during the Sultanate period; regional styles; Religious and philosophical developments – Bhakti and acharya traditions; Sufism in India; Islamic influences on Indian society and culture; Muslim interest in Indian classics; Literary developments, Sanskrit, Persian and regional languages; Cultural contributions of Vijayanagara empire.
Unit – VIII :
New cultural trends in Mughal India; Religious liberalism – Akbar, Abul Fazl, Dara Shikoh; Growth of Vaishnava Bhakti; Foundation of Sikhism to the institution of Khalsa; Mughal architecture and painting, regional styles; Classical Indian music including pre – Mughal antecedents; Development of Hindi and Urdu literature; Sawai Jai Singh’s astronomical contributions; Arrival and spread of Christianity; European studies of India-William Jones and Fort William College, Asiatic Society of Bengal, influence of Christian Missionaries.
Unit – IX :
Influx of Western ideas and Indian response; English education and press; Bengal renaissance; Reform movements in Bengal and other regions, Administrative Measures for Social Reforms ( 1828 – 1857 ), Indian reformers – Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Keshav Chandra Sen, Mahagovinda Ranade, Jyotiba Phule, Dayanand Saraswati, Vivekananda, Syed .Ahmad Khan; Indian nationalism-Rise, salient features and its cultural expressions in literature, art and education, Gandhian ideas – tradition and modernity.
Unit – X :
Indian Classics, Indian culture studies, Objectivity and bias; Relationship with ancillary disciplines; Scope of research; Primary and Secondary sources; Heritage of India; World’s debt to Indian culture.
UGC NET Indian Culture Paper III ( B ) ( Elective / Optional ) :
Elective – I :
Vedic Religion – Early and later – mythology, religious practices, ethical and philosophical ideas; Evolution of Pauranic Hinduism and Hindu Religious systems-Vaishnavism, Saivism, Saktism with principal sects; Alvar and Nayanar traditions of South India; Bhagvad Gita, Yoga and Vedanta-Sankara and Ramanuja; Buddhism, Jainism, Tantra; Bhakti movement; Religious reform movements-Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission.
Elective – II :
Indus Valley architecture, town planning and sculpture; Mauryan architecture and sculpture; Origin and evolution of Stupa architecture; Development of rock-cut architecture-Cave, Chaitya, Vihara, Temple; Origin and evolution of Hindu temple-Gupta, Chalukya, Pallava, Rashtrakuta, Khajuraho, Orissan, Chola and later developments in the South India; Sunga-Satavahana sculptures-Bharhut, Bodh Gaya,. Sanchi and Amaravati; Gandhar, Mathura and Sarnath schools of sculpture; Post-Gupta regional styles of sculpture; Cave paintings of Ajanta and Bagh; Iconography of Vishnu, Shiva. Kartikeya, Ganesha, Surya, Sakti, Tirthankara, Buddha, Bodhisattva, Tara.
Elective – III :
Social thought and evolution of Indian society; Varnasrama Dharma; Caste system, Asramas, Purushartas, Samsakaras, family, education, position of women, Parda system, Sati, slavery, untouchability, Festivals and pastimes; Legal Institutions sources of Hindu Law, Proprietory rights, succession, judicial procedure, attempts at social reforms in medieval and modern times.
Indian polity – nature of State, kingship, republics, local self – government, inter State relations; taxation; Economic life – argiculture, trade, commerce, industries, guilds, urbanisation, towns and cities.
Elective – IV :
Origin and development of Bhakti, Alvar and Nayanar traditions of South India; Bhakti movement; Islam in India; Sufism, Sikhism; Indo – Islamic architecture – Sultanate and Mughal period; Mughal painting and regional styles; Medieval Indian society, nobility, peasantry and slavery; Economic life – agriculture, trade, commerce, industries, urbanisation, towns and cities.
Elective – V :
Indian renaissance; Social – religious reform movements of the 19th and 20th centuries – Brahma Samaj, Prarthana Samaj, Arya Samaj, Ramkrishna Mission, Wahabi Movement. Dalit Movement; Spread of modern education; Challenges from the west; Nationalism and culture – Bengali literature, Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Ravindra Nath Tagore, Qazi Nazrul Islam; Hindi and Urdu – Prem Chand and Iqbal, other regional languages and literature; British impact on Indian economy; Rise of Indian nationalism – Tilak, Gandhi, Modern art – painting, architecture, dance, music; Indian culture since independence; Tradition and modernity.