UGC NET December 2019-June 2020 Syllabus for Human Rights and Duties

Code No. : 92

UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for June 2015Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3 UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for December 2014

Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3

UGC NET HRD Paper II and Paper III ( Parts A&B ) :

Unit – I :

  • The Basic Concepts : Individual, Group, State, Civil Society, Liberty, Freedom, Equality, Justice, Violence, Counter Violence.
  • Human Values : Humanity, Compassion, Virtues.
  • Indian Concepts : Raj Neeti, Lok Neeti, Danda Neeti, Nyaya, Dharma.
  • Liberal Perspective : Locke, Rousseau, Thdmas Paine, J. S. Mill, A. V Dicey.
  • Marxian Perspective : Marx, Gramsci, Rosa Luxemberg.
  • Critical Theory: Horbeumors.
  • Feminist Perspective : Gender specificity, Patriarchy, Private and Public independent and inter-dependent individual.
  • Gandhian Perspective ( Ruskin, Thoreau, Tolstoy ) : State, Power, Swaraj, Rights and Duties.
  • Dalit Perspective : Phule, Narayna Guru, Ambedkar.
  • Amartya Sen : Development as Freedom.

Unit – II :

  • Natural Rights and Human Duties : Origins and Evolution
  • Civil and Political Rights-Individual vis – a – vis Society and State, the contribution of Magna Carta, American Bill of Rights, the French Revolution and its Goals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity Marxist Revolutions, Anti-colonial Movements, Non – violent-Freedom Movement in India.
  • Constitutional Enshrinement of the Human Rights of Citizens in the Western Countries and Entailing Duties.
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948 ) – International Standards Setting.
  • Impact of the UDHR on the Constitutions of the ‘New’ States.
  • Elaboration of Human Rights : International Human Rights Conventions-Debate and Emphasis on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights of Man ( East vs West ; Developing Countries vs Developed Countries ).
  • International Conventions on Civil and Political Rights, Social, Economic and Cultural Rights and Responsibilities.
  • Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities.
  • Helsinki Declaration
  • International Conventions and Declarations Relating to specific :
    1. Groups – Women, Child, Indigenous People , Minorities, Refugees.
    2. Rights – Religious Freedom, Torture, Development, Racial Discrimination, Sexual Discrimination.
    3. “Third Generation of Human Rights” Collective Rights or Solidarity Rights.

Unit – III :

  • Society, Economy, Polity, Religion and Culture-their Inter – relationship
  • Impact of Social Structure on Human Behaviour ; Role of Socialization in Human Values, Human Rights and Duties.
  • Science and Technology, Modernization, Globalization and Dehumanization.
  • Social Stratification : Racial and Caste Prejudice and Discrimination; Human Rights Issues of Weaker Sections and Ethnic Minorities.
  • Gender : Gender Discrimination, Domestic Violence and Rape.
  • Children : Child Abuse, Child Labour, Street Children.
  • Social Structure and Social Problems : Social and Communal Conflicts and Social Harmony.
  • Rural Poverty, Unemployment, Bonded Labour.
  • Urban Poverty, Slums, Lack of Basic Civil Services, Prostitution.
  • Migrant Workers and Human Rights Violations, Human Rights of Mentally and Physically Handicapped.
  • Environmental Degradation and Rights of Current vs Future Generate as.

Unit – IV :

  • State, Individual liberty, freedom and democracy.
  • The changing nature of State with special reference to the developing countries :
  • Soft State, Interventionist State, Welfare State, Repressive State.
  • Political Regimes and Human Rights in developed as well as developing countries.
  • Human Rights and International Politics : Emergence of a new global order-Tehran Conference ( 1968 ) – Vienna Conference ( 1993 )  – Human Rights, Environmental Degradation and Underdevelopment.
  • International Humanitarian Law : Geneva Conventions-International Red Cross Society – Refugee Protection and the Role of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – International Tribunals ( Rwanda and former Yugoslavia ) and the International Criminal Court.
  • International Intervention : The question of Nation-State, Citizenship and Sovereignty.
  • Right of. Self-determination : Autonomous Movements, Secessionist Movements, Terrorist Movements and Transnational Terrorism.
  • Grassroots Movements and Human Rights.

Unit – V :

  • Universal Human Rights : Context and the Concerns Universal Declaration of Human Rights International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Option Protocol.
  • International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination.
  • Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
  • The UN Convention on the protection of the Rights migrant workers-Indigenous People’s Rights-Human Rights of Refugees.
  • Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against women. Convention on Rights of Child.
  • African Charter – European and Inter-American Convention as Human Rights. Islamic Declaration of Human Rights.
  • UN Organs :

    1. UN Commission of Human Rights.
    2. UN Children’s Fund ( UNICEF ).
    3. UN High Commission for Refugees ( UNHCR ).
    4. UN Commission on the Status of Women.
    5. International Labour Organization ( ILO ).
    6. UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ).
  • European Commission on Human Rights.
  • Humanitarian Law
  • Universal Human Rights : Changing World Order

Unit – VI :

  • Models of Development : Growth Approach, Basic Needs Approach, Sustainable Human Development, Development as Freedom.
  • Globalization and Human Rights : Dynamics of Globalization, Emergence of Market Forces, Assertion of Civil Society, Retreat of State, Privatization, Liberalization, Emergence of Information Age.
  • Economic Growth Strategies ( Developing Countries ) : Implications for Poverty, Employment, Planned Development and Social Inequality.
  • World Trade Organization : Implication for Human Rights Impact on Developing Countries with special reference to India; DSM ( Dispute Settlement Mechanism ).
  • Intellectual Property Rights : Patents Law, Bio-diversity Convention, Agenda 21, Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights ( TRIPRs ), Trade Related International Investment Measures ( TRIMs ), General Agreement on Trade in Services ( GATS ), Agreement on Agriculture ( AOA ).
  • Transnational Corporations ( TNCs ) and Human Rights Situation in Developing Countries.
  • International Labour Organization ( ILO ), Conventions and Standards for Human Rights and Quality of Life.
  • Right to Development : The Third World Concerns, Working Group Recommendations, UNDP – initiatives.
  • State and Development of the Marginahzed / Disadvantaged Groups in India : The Poor, the Unemployed and the Socially Dislocated People.
  • Minimum Wages Act – Problems of Implementation, Right to Security of Food, Health and Education.
  • New Social Movements, Democratic Struggles and Human Rights.

Unit-VII :

  • Concepts of Development, Underdevelopment and Social Action.
  • Need for Collective Action in Developing Societies and Methods of Social Action.
  • Social Movements : Political, Social and Religious Reform.
  • Agrarian and Peasant Movements.
  • Backward Class, Dalit and Women Movements.
  • Ecological and Environment Movements.
  • Non-Government Organisations ( NGOs ) : Structure, Functions and Problems.
  • NGOs and Human Rights Movements : Amnesty International, Asia Watch, International Committee of Red Cross.
  • NGOs and Human Rights in India : Land, Water and Forest Issues.
  • Human Rights Movement : People’s Union for Civil Liberties ( PUCL ), People’s Union for Democratic Rights ( PUDR ) and other Civil and Democratic Rights Organization in India.

Unit-VIII :

  • Indian Civilization : Change and Continuity.
  • Indian Constitution : Freedom Movement.
  • Indian Constitution : Sociological Foundation.
  • Constitutional Vision of role of the State.
  • Constitutional Vision of Freedom : Fundamental Rights.
  • Constitutional Vision of Justice : Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • Constitutional Amendments.
  • Constitution : Human Duties.
  • Judicial Interpretations : Landmark Judgements.
  • Constitutional Review : The Contemporary Debates.

Unit-IX :

  • Constitutional Governance : State of Rule of Law.
  • Constitutional Organs : Inter and intra-relationships /conflict and cooperation.
  • Fundamental Rights and Repressive Laws : Preventive Detention, MISA, NASA, TADA, Armed Force Special Power Act and Criminal Law Amendment.
  • Imposition of National Emergency : The Societal Experience.
  • The Criminal Justice System : Crime, Punishment and Human Rights with special reference-IPC & CRPC and Indian Evidence Act.
  • The Directive Principles of State Policy : The Question of Effectiveness and Enforcement.
  • Judicial Activism : Public Interest Litigation.
  • Legislation for the Weaker Sections : The Question of Enforcement.
  • Law Enforcing Agencies : Police, military, Para – military – emerging experience.
  • Human Rights Enforcement : NHRC, State Human Rights Commissions, Human Rights Courts.
  • Human Rights Education : Problems and Prospects.

Unit-X :

  • Inter – relativity of Human Rights and Responsibilities.
  • Diverse Perspectives of Human Rights, Revolution of Rising Aspirations and Needs of the Peoples Worldover.
  • Challenging problems in the areas of the Right of self-determination of peoples; the Protection of Minorities; the Rights of Indigenous peoples; the Rights of Women and the Child, Freedom from Torture; Freedom from Pollution, Freedom from any Discrimination.
  • The Problems of the Right to-Development; the Problems of the Right to Clean Environment; the Problems of the Right to Racial Discrimination.
  • Freedom from Sexual Discrimination and Harassment.
  • Protection of Refugees and of Civilians in Armed Conflict.
  • Right to Life and the Basic Needs – Food, Water, Health, Housing and Education.
  • Right to Information.
  • Assertion of the Identity of Ethnic Groups.
  • Universal Entitlement of People to Democracy as a Legitimate form of Government.
  • Duties and Rights : State Duties and the Duties of other Entities Exercising Authority.
  • Retreat of the Nation-State.
  • Science, Technology, and Human Rights and Duties.
  • Need of Spelling out Human Duties and Eternal Human Values.