Code No. : 92
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UGC NET HRD Paper II and Paper III ( Parts A&B ) :
Unit – I :
- The Basic Concepts : Individual, Group, State, Civil Society, Liberty, Freedom, Equality, Justice, Violence, Counter Violence.
- Human Values : Humanity, Compassion, Virtues.
- Indian Concepts : Raj Neeti, Lok Neeti, Danda Neeti, Nyaya, Dharma.
- Liberal Perspective : Locke, Rousseau, Thdmas Paine, J. S. Mill, A. V Dicey.
- Marxian Perspective : Marx, Gramsci, Rosa Luxemberg.
- Critical Theory: Horbeumors.
- Feminist Perspective : Gender specificity, Patriarchy, Private and Public independent and inter-dependent individual.
- Gandhian Perspective ( Ruskin, Thoreau, Tolstoy ) : State, Power, Swaraj, Rights and Duties.
- Dalit Perspective : Phule, Narayna Guru, Ambedkar.
- Amartya Sen : Development as Freedom.
Unit – II :
- Natural Rights and Human Duties : Origins and Evolution
- Civil and Political Rights-Individual vis – a – vis Society and State, the contribution of Magna Carta, American Bill of Rights, the French Revolution and its Goals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity Marxist Revolutions, Anti-colonial Movements, Non – violent-Freedom Movement in India.
- Constitutional Enshrinement of the Human Rights of Citizens in the Western Countries and Entailing Duties.
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948 ) – International Standards Setting.
- Impact of the UDHR on the Constitutions of the ‘New’ States.
- Elaboration of Human Rights : International Human Rights Conventions-Debate and Emphasis on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights of Man ( East vs West ; Developing Countries vs Developed Countries ).
- International Conventions on Civil and Political Rights, Social, Economic and Cultural Rights and Responsibilities.
- Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities.
- Helsinki Declaration
- International Conventions and Declarations Relating to specific :
- Groups – Women, Child, Indigenous People , Minorities, Refugees.
- Rights – Religious Freedom, Torture, Development, Racial Discrimination, Sexual Discrimination.
- “Third Generation of Human Rights” Collective Rights or Solidarity Rights.
Unit – III :
- Society, Economy, Polity, Religion and Culture-their Inter – relationship
- Impact of Social Structure on Human Behaviour ; Role of Socialization in Human Values, Human Rights and Duties.
- Science and Technology, Modernization, Globalization and Dehumanization.
- Social Stratification : Racial and Caste Prejudice and Discrimination; Human Rights Issues of Weaker Sections and Ethnic Minorities.
- Gender : Gender Discrimination, Domestic Violence and Rape.
- Children : Child Abuse, Child Labour, Street Children.
- Social Structure and Social Problems : Social and Communal Conflicts and Social Harmony.
- Rural Poverty, Unemployment, Bonded Labour.
- Urban Poverty, Slums, Lack of Basic Civil Services, Prostitution.
- Migrant Workers and Human Rights Violations, Human Rights of Mentally and Physically Handicapped.
- Environmental Degradation and Rights of Current vs Future Generate as.
Unit – IV :
- State, Individual liberty, freedom and democracy.
- The changing nature of State with special reference to the developing countries :
- Soft State, Interventionist State, Welfare State, Repressive State.
- Political Regimes and Human Rights in developed as well as developing countries.
- Human Rights and International Politics : Emergence of a new global order-Tehran Conference ( 1968 ) – Vienna Conference ( 1993 ) – Human Rights, Environmental Degradation and Underdevelopment.
- International Humanitarian Law : Geneva Conventions-International Red Cross Society – Refugee Protection and the Role of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – International Tribunals ( Rwanda and former Yugoslavia ) and the International Criminal Court.
- International Intervention : The question of Nation-State, Citizenship and Sovereignty.
- Right of. Self-determination : Autonomous Movements, Secessionist Movements, Terrorist Movements and Transnational Terrorism.
- Grassroots Movements and Human Rights.
Unit – V :
- Universal Human Rights : Context and the Concerns Universal Declaration of Human Rights International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Option Protocol.
- International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination.
- Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
- The UN Convention on the protection of the Rights migrant workers-Indigenous People’s Rights-Human Rights of Refugees.
- Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against women. Convention on Rights of Child.
- African Charter – European and Inter-American Convention as Human Rights. Islamic Declaration of Human Rights.
- UN Organs :
- UN Commission of Human Rights.
- UN Children’s Fund ( UNICEF ).
- UN High Commission for Refugees ( UNHCR ).
- UN Commission on the Status of Women.
- International Labour Organization ( ILO ).
- UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ).
- European Commission on Human Rights.
- Humanitarian Law
- Universal Human Rights : Changing World Order
Unit – VI :
- Models of Development : Growth Approach, Basic Needs Approach, Sustainable Human Development, Development as Freedom.
- Globalization and Human Rights : Dynamics of Globalization, Emergence of Market Forces, Assertion of Civil Society, Retreat of State, Privatization, Liberalization, Emergence of Information Age.
- Economic Growth Strategies ( Developing Countries ) : Implications for Poverty, Employment, Planned Development and Social Inequality.
- World Trade Organization : Implication for Human Rights Impact on Developing Countries with special reference to India; DSM ( Dispute Settlement Mechanism ).
- Intellectual Property Rights : Patents Law, Bio-diversity Convention, Agenda 21, Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights ( TRIPRs ), Trade Related International Investment Measures ( TRIMs ), General Agreement on Trade in Services ( GATS ), Agreement on Agriculture ( AOA ).
- Transnational Corporations ( TNCs ) and Human Rights Situation in Developing Countries.
- International Labour Organization ( ILO ), Conventions and Standards for Human Rights and Quality of Life.
- Right to Development : The Third World Concerns, Working Group Recommendations, UNDP – initiatives.
- State and Development of the Marginahzed / Disadvantaged Groups in India : The Poor, the Unemployed and the Socially Dislocated People.
- Minimum Wages Act – Problems of Implementation, Right to Security of Food, Health and Education.
- New Social Movements, Democratic Struggles and Human Rights.
- Concepts of Development, Underdevelopment and Social Action.
- Need for Collective Action in Developing Societies and Methods of Social Action.
- Social Movements : Political, Social and Religious Reform.
- Agrarian and Peasant Movements.
- Backward Class, Dalit and Women Movements.
- Ecological and Environment Movements.
- Non-Government Organisations ( NGOs ) : Structure, Functions and Problems.
- NGOs and Human Rights Movements : Amnesty International, Asia Watch, International Committee of Red Cross.
- NGOs and Human Rights in India : Land, Water and Forest Issues.
- Human Rights Movement : People’s Union for Civil Liberties ( PUCL ), People’s Union for Democratic Rights ( PUDR ) and other Civil and Democratic Rights Organization in India.
- Indian Civilization : Change and Continuity.
- Indian Constitution : Freedom Movement.
- Indian Constitution : Sociological Foundation.
- Constitutional Vision of role of the State.
- Constitutional Vision of Freedom : Fundamental Rights.
- Constitutional Vision of Justice : Directive Principles of State Policy.
- Constitutional Amendments.
- Constitution : Human Duties.
- Judicial Interpretations : Landmark Judgements.
- Constitutional Review : The Contemporary Debates.
- Constitutional Governance : State of Rule of Law.
- Constitutional Organs : Inter and intra-relationships /conflict and cooperation.
- Fundamental Rights and Repressive Laws : Preventive Detention, MISA, NASA, TADA, Armed Force Special Power Act and Criminal Law Amendment.
- Imposition of National Emergency : The Societal Experience.
- The Criminal Justice System : Crime, Punishment and Human Rights with special reference-IPC & CRPC and Indian Evidence Act.
- The Directive Principles of State Policy : The Question of Effectiveness and Enforcement.
- Judicial Activism : Public Interest Litigation.
- Legislation for the Weaker Sections : The Question of Enforcement.
- Law Enforcing Agencies : Police, military, Para – military – emerging experience.
- Human Rights Enforcement : NHRC, State Human Rights Commissions, Human Rights Courts.
- Human Rights Education : Problems and Prospects.
- Inter – relativity of Human Rights and Responsibilities.
- Diverse Perspectives of Human Rights, Revolution of Rising Aspirations and Needs of the Peoples Worldover.
- Challenging problems in the areas of the Right of self-determination of peoples; the Protection of Minorities; the Rights of Indigenous peoples; the Rights of Women and the Child, Freedom from Torture; Freedom from Pollution, Freedom from any Discrimination.
- The Problems of the Right to-Development; the Problems of the Right to Clean Environment; the Problems of the Right to Racial Discrimination.
- Freedom from Sexual Discrimination and Harassment.
- Protection of Refugees and of Civilians in Armed Conflict.
- Right to Life and the Basic Needs – Food, Water, Health, Housing and Education.
- Right to Information.
- Assertion of the Identity of Ethnic Groups.
- Universal Entitlement of People to Democracy as a Legitimate form of Government.
- Duties and Rights : State Duties and the Duties of other Entities Exercising Authority.
- Retreat of the Nation-State.
- Science, Technology, and Human Rights and Duties.
- Need of Spelling out Human Duties and Eternal Human Values.