UGC NET December 2019-June 2020 Syllabus for Archaeology

Code No. : 67

 UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for June 2015Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers for December 2014

Question Paper 2 | Question Paper 3

UGC NET Archaeology Paper II and Paper III ( A ) [ Core Group ]

Unit – I

  • Definition, aim and Scope of Archaeology, History and Growth of Archaeology, History of Indian Archaeology.
  • Relationship of Archaeology with Social and Natural Sciences.
  • Retrieval of Archaeological Data : Techniques of Explorations and Excavations.
  • Aims and Methods of Conservation and preservation of Archaeological remains.
  • Recording and Preparation of Reports.

Unit – II

  • Chronology and Dating : Relative, Stratigraphy, Typology, Absolute, Carbon 14, Potassium Argon, Fission Track, Thermoluminescence, Dendrochronology, Pollen analysis, Varve clay analysis.
  • Others – methods : Flourine test, nitrogen and phosphate analysis, soil analysis.
  • Methods of Objective Interpretations : Ethno – archaeology, Experimental archaeology, Application of new archaeological methods in India.

Unit – III

  • Geological Biological and Cultural Dimension of Man.
  • Quaternary Period : Pleistocene and Holocene, Environment and Climatic Changes.
  • Pleistocene Flora and Fauna, Main Stages of Human Evolution and important fossil records.
  • Appearance of Stone Tools and Development of Technology : Main Techniques and Tools of Stone Age, Methods of study of prehistoric remains.

Unit – IV

  • Hunting – Gathering Stage : Palaeolithic in Africa, Europe and South – East Asia, Mesolithic in Europe and West Asia; Palaeolithic and Mesolithic remains and important sites of India.
  • Beginning of Food Production : Neolithic Stage in West Asia, Major neolithic cultures and important sites of India.

Unit – V

  • Pre and early Harappan Village Cultures of North and North – Western India.
  • Harappa Culture : Origin, extent, chronology, factors of urbanization, trade, script, religion, art and craft, factors for the decline.
  • Devaluation of Harappa Culture : Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.
  • Chalcolithic village communities of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  • Copper using cultures of Gangetic plains.

Unit – VI

  • Early occurrence of iron : Chrono – Cultural Features.
  • Main Characteristics of the Cultures : Painted grey ware, Black slipped ware and Megalithic cultures.
  • Northern Black polished ware culture : Extent, chronology, characteristics traits.
  • Important city sites : Raj ghat, Ujjain, Vaisali, Taxila, Mathura, Sravasti, Kaushambi and Sishupalgarh.
  • Important sites of historical period : Sringverapur, Khairadih, Satanikota, Chandraketugarh, Nasik, Arikamedu and Adam.

Unit – VII

  • Architecture of Structural Stupas : North and South India.
  • Rock – cut Architecture : Monastries and Shrines.
  • Main styles of temples : Origin and development of temples, Main features and examples of Nagar, Vesara and Dravid styles.
  • Main Styles of Sculptural Art : Mauryan, Sunga, Kushana, Gupta, Satvahana, Chalukya, Pallava and Chola periods.

Unit – VIII

  • Origin and antiquity of coinage in India. Techniques of manufacturing coins.
  • Important Coins : Punch – marked coins, inscribed and uninscribed caste coins; Principal types of Indo – Greek coinage; Saka and Kushan coinage; Principal types of Gupta Gold coinage; Brief account of pre – Islamic Medieval Indian coinage.

Unit – IX

  • Origin and antiquity of writing in India : Origin of Brahmi and Kharasthi scripts, Study of some select inscriptions – Ashokan edicts, Besnagar Garuda pillar inscription; Hathigumpha inscription of Kharvela, Junagarh inscription of Rudradaman, Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, Aihole pillar inscription of Pulakesin II and Gwalior inscription of Mihira Bhoja.

Unit – X

  • Proposed area of research; aims and objectives; proposed methodology; primary and secondary sources; review of previous researches in the proposed area, and likely contribution of the proposal.

UGC NET Archaeology Paper III ( B ) [ Elective / Optional ]

Elective – I

  • Geo – Chronology and Stone Age Cultures of India : Sohan Valley; Belan Valley; Son Valley and Kortlayar Valley.
  • Palaeolithic Cultures of India : Sohan and Acheulian traditions; Middle Palaeolithic cultures; Upper Palaeolithic cultures; Habitation tendencies of the Palaeolithic period.
  • Patterns of Mesolithic Cultures of India : Characteristic features of alluvial plains; horse – shoe lake; sand – dune; plateau and rock shelter sites.
  • Neolithic Cultures of India : Early farming communities of Baluchistan and Kashmir, Vindhya – Belan region, Kaimur Foot hills and Ganga plains, Chota Nagpur plateau and the North – East, and Pastoral communities of Deccan and South.

Elective – II

  • Pre – Harappan Cultures of India and Border Lands : Salient features.
  • Harappa Culture : Origin, Geographical Distribution and Settlement Patterns, Town Planning and Architecture, Trade – Hinterland and Overseas, Arts and Crafts, Material Equipment, Subsistence Pattern, Socio – Political Organization, Religion and Authorship; important excavated sites, concepts of Sorath and Sindhi Harappans in Gujarat
  • Decline and Survival of Harappa Culture : Causes of de – urbanization, Late Harappa cultures of Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.
  • Other Copper using Cultures : Copper Hoards and Ochre Coloured pottery, Ahar, Kayatha, Malwa and Deccan Chalcolithic cultures, Cultures of Gangetic Plains.

Elective – III

  • Historical Urbanization : Northern Black polished Ware Culture, Extent, Chronology, Cultural traits.
  • Important City Sites : Rajghat, Ujjain, Vaishali, Taxila, Mathura, Sravasti, Kaushambi, Sishupalgarh, Satanikota.
  • Growth of urban settlements during Kushan Period : Plan and Expansion of Settlements and growth of trade centres; Main features of material culture.
  • Excavated remains of Gupta and Early Medieval Periods : Nature of settlements and main features of material culture.

Elective – IV

Architecture :

  • Structural features of ancient fortified settlements.
  • Origin and evolution of Stupa architecture: Sanchi, Bharhut, Amaravati and Nagarjuna Konda.
  • Development of Rock – cut Architecture : Chaityas and Viharas.
  • Origin and evolution of temples; Gupta temples; Chalukyan temples; Pallava rathas and temples; Khajuraho temples; temples of Orissa and Chola temples.

Sculpture :

  • Mauryan Capital figures; Early Yaksha Statue; Sunga Sculptures; Kaushana sculptures : Mathura and Gandhara schools; Gupta Sculptures: Sarnath School; Sculptures of Chalukyas; Pallavas; Palas; Chola and Chandellas.

Paintings :

  • Rock – cut Cave Paintings of Ajanta and Bagh.

Elective – V


  • Epigraphy as a source of history, Origin of Indian Scripts : Different theories Study of select Epigraphs : Asokan Edicts; Rock Edicts X, XII, XIII; Lumbini inscriptions of Asoka; Minar Rock Edict of Bairat, Besnagar Garud Pillar inscription; Hathigumpha inscription of Kharvela; Junagarh inscription of Rudradaman; Swat Relic casket inscription; Sarnath Buddha image inscription of the time of Kanishka I.
  • Lucknow Museum Jain image inscription of the time of Huvishka ( 126 AD ); Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta; Aihole pillar inscription of Pulakesin II; Gwalior inscriptions of Mihira Bhoja; Tanjavaur inscription of Rajendra Chola and Sangli Copper plate of Govinda IV ( Swarn Varsha ).


  • Origin and antiquity of coinage in ancient India. Metal and techniques used for coins.

Main Coin Types :

  • Punch – marked Coins; inscribed and Uninscribed caste coins; Principal types of Indo – Greek Coinage; Coins of Saka, Kushan and Satvahana; Principal types of Gupta Gold coins; Roman coins; and brief account of pre – Islamic Medieval Indian coinage.